Under the diet refers to a set of rules for the use of food by man. Most of these rules are based on tradition, some are dictated by medical considerations, but there are almost no rules derived from experience. From the standpoint of modern medicine, food should contain a sufficient amount of proteins, fats and carbohydrates, as well as micro and macro elements, vitamins and nutrients. In addition, the right food for calorie should satisfy human needs for energy. This information can be trusted because it is a medical fact.
Food should come at a certain time, at certain intervals of time. It provides the best state of health and health. And here is an unsubstantiated judgment.
Experience shows that the best (for a particular person in a particular situation) is such a mode of food intake, which allows not only to provide him with energy, but also to achieve the goal. For example, to cure allergies, a weekly food break should be taken. For the treatment of hypertension - a series of weekly pauses, held once a month. For the treatment of hormonal infertility - a five-day pause, carried out immediately after ovulation. In the treatment of coxarthrosis, this diet was effective: a week the patient eats, a week - a food pause. But with daily nutrition, the desired effect is not achieved, even taking medication.
So what kind of diet to choose?
Usually changing the diet requires overweight. This is a problem from the category of wrong body composition, and the diet successfully solves it. But today, the regime is also of interest among athletes and bodybuilders. It turns out that the formation of the body by training only has its limit.
Let's look at what diet they practice.
Meals every other day. The day is, as usual, the night and the next day (36 hours) - do not eat. Proponents of the method advise to eat healthy food, but, strictly speaking, allowed to eat anything.
Waiver of any mode (randomly). Some believe that we should eat and practice, like our ancestors, randomly. Those. skip meals and do not follow the schedule, and when you want. You also need to eat "evolutionarily correct" food and alternate the number of calories. The diet is very flexible, there are no rules as such: if they wanted to, they ate, then they starved for two days, then a snack, and again without food.
Eat-pause-eat (a day without food, 1-2 times a week) You need to starve for 24 hours 1-2 times a week and eat mostly unprocessed, healthy foods that are high in protein. The technique is flexible, you choose when to starve and from what moment: if you want - from breakfast to breakfast, if you want - from lunch to dinner. John Bernardi, a doctor and a sports nutrition specialist, tested it on himself and found it very promising.
Martin Berkhan's system (16 hours of hunger / 8 hours of saturation) The system recommends eating only at a certain time interval. All the rest of the time you should refrain from eating. For example, there is only in the time interval from 13 to 21, and so every day. But this is not the only rule. The diet should include high-protein food, alternating carbohydrate meals, hungry workouts and proper timing (most of your daily diet should be eaten immediately after a workout).
Military diet (20 hours of hunger / 4 hours of saturation) According to this method, you can eat only in a certain period of time. For example, from 18 to 22 hours, training on an empty stomach, and so every day. Recommended strictly selected under this diet food. As a rule, 4 hours for food fall in the evening.
Here is the most popular food modes at the moment.
Each diet has its own characteristics, but the main thing is that different regimes are finally being discussed, and not just diets within the only correct one. In medicine, there is still only one regime for everyone, and only the “table” is different.